"The vessel came to rest facing roughly southwest, perched across its middle on a pinnacle of Bligh Reef. Eight of 11 cargo tanks were punctured. Computations aboard the Exxon Valdez showed that 5.8 million gallons had gushed out of the tanker in the first three and a quarter hours . . . The Exxon Valdez nightmare had begun." - February 1990, Alaska Oil Spill Commission Final Report.